Duration and accumulation of disadvantages in old age
2015 (English)In: Social Indicators Research, ISSN 0303-8300, E-ISSN 1573-0921, Vol. 123, no 2, 411-429 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The probability of experiencing simultaneous disadvantages in more than one life domain seems to be higher for the oldest old people than younger age groups. However, the experience of coexisting disadvantages among older adults is relatively underexplored. We set out to analyse whether coexisting disadvantages among older people are long-lasting or temporary, and whether there are patterns of an accumulation of disadvantages in old age or not. We used nationally representative, longitudinal data between 1991 and 2011. Respondents were born between 1916 and 1934. The following disadvantages were included: lack of social resources, lack of political resources, lack of financial resources, psychological health problems, physical health problems and mobility limitations. Results suggest differing experiences of disadvantage in old age. We found that reporting coexisting disadvantages in 1991 increased the probability of reporting coexisting disadvantages in 2011, but the correlation was moderate. This indicates that for some people, coexisting disadvantages in old age is relatively stable, while for others it is a temporary experience. Reporting one disadvantage in 1991 also increased the probability of reporting coexisting disadvantages in 2011, suggesting a pattern of accumulation of disadvantages. Again, this pattern may not be generalised to all people. To a large extent the observed accumulation of disadvantages in old age seemed to be driven by physical health deterioration and mobility limitations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 123, no 2, 411-429 p.
Oldest old, Ageing, Disadvantage, Health, Longitudinal analysis
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Social Work
Research subject Social Work
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-112578DOI: 10.1007/s11205-014-0744-1ISI: 000360006900006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-112578DiVA: diva2:779442