Adoption in Loanword Phonology: Looking Beyond Linguistic Competence
(English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
This paper investigates how linguistic competence and sociolinguistic incentive contribute to the preference for adopting illicit onset clusters in established loanwords in Turkish. The participants are English-Turkish bilinguals in Turkey and Swedish-Turkish bilinguals in Sweden. Competence is measured through second-language pronunciation and incentive is operationalised through second-language dominance and degree of Turkish use. The data comprise French and English loanwords that are embedded in an oral fill-in-the-blanks test and that have phonetically similar counterparts in English and Swedish. The results show that the bilinguals in Sweden have significantly higher cluster adoption rates than the bilinguals in Turkey due to an overlap of high competence and high incentive in the Swedish context where Turkish is a minority language. Statistical analyses show that incentive has greater impact than competence in this sample.
loanword phonology, onset clusters, contact-induced change, bilingualism, second-language acquisition, language dominance, Turkish
Research subject Bilingualism
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-112795OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-112795DiVA: diva2:781097