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The white dwarf's carbon fraction as a secondary parameter of Type la supernovae
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC). Max Planck Society, Germany.
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2014 (English)In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 572, A57- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Context. Binary stellar evolution calculations predict that Chandrasekhar-mass carbon/oxygen white dwarfs (WDs) show a radially varying profile for the composition with a carbon depleted core. Many recent multi-dimensional simulations of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia), however, assume the progenitor WD has a homogeneous chemical composition. Aims. In this work, we explore the impact of different initial carbon profiles of the progenitor WD on the explosion phase and on synthetic observables in the Chandrasekhar-mass delayed detonation model. Spectra and light curves are compared to observations to judge the validity of the model. Methods. The explosion phase is simulated using the finite volume supernova code LEAFS, which is extended to treat different compositions of the progenitor WD. The synthetic observables are computed with the Monte Carlo radiative transfer code ARTIS. Results. Differences in binding energies of carbon and oxygen lead to a lower nuclear energy release for carbon depleted material; thus, the burning fronts that develop are weaker and the total nuclear energy release is smaller. For otherwise identical conditions, carbon depleted models produce less Ni-56. Comparing different models with similar Ni-56 yields shows lower kinetic energies in the ejecta for carbon depleted models, but only small differences in velocity distributions and line velocities in spectra. The light curve width-luminosity relation (WLR) obtained for models with differing carbon depletion is roughly perpendicular to the observed WLR, hence the carbon mass fraction is probably only a secondary parameter in the family of SNe Ia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 572, A57- p.
Keyword [en]
supernovae: general hydrodynamics, nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances, radiative transfer, binaries: close, white dwarfs
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-112903DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201423924ISI: 000346101700075OAI: diva2:782738


Available from: 2015-01-22 Created: 2015-01-19 Last updated: 2015-01-22Bibliographically approved

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Kromer, Markus
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Department of AstronomyThe Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)
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