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Deterrence Versus Marginalization: evidence From Immigrant Offending
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4513-1501
2015 (English)In: Race and Justice, E-ISSN 2153-3687, Vol. 5, no 3, 278-300 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Immigration policies that attach citizenship and deportation consequences to crime may be aimed at deterring crime, but they also effectively marginalize immigrants and may promote crime. Evidence from Sweden and around the world indicates that, where citizenship is concerned, marginalization may have won out. This research used a population-based sample of approximately 20,000 Swedish males and more rigorous methods than past studies to test the effects of citizenship and region of origin on official police suspicion for a serious crime. The findings showed that a lack of citizenship is related to greater involvement in crime, indicating support for the marginalizing effects of immigration policies. Yet, the region of origin results presented a conflicting picture in which neither ideas on deterrence nor marginalization could be supported. In conclusion, neither the potential deterrent effects of immigration policy nor its marginalizing effects were strongly supported.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 5, no 3, 278-300 p.
Keyword [en]
immigration and crime, social control theory, criminological theories, immigration, crime control model, race and courts, get-tough
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-113488DOI: 10.1177/2153368714568354OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-113488DiVA: diva2:785427
Available from: 2015-02-03 Created: 2015-02-03 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Foreign background and criminal offending among young males in Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Foreign background and criminal offending among young males in Stockholm
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This doctoral thesis considers how factors from the home country, the family, and the individual impact the risk for criminal offending among young males from a foreign background residing in Stockholm. I use Swedish register data to examine the risk for police registered suspicion of criminal offending. The introductory chapter presents an historical overview of immigration in Sweden, theories of criminal offending, and details about analysis of register data. It is followed by three empirical studies that consider unique risk factors for crime among children of immigrants while controlling for factors encountered within Sweden. The first study shows that young male children of immigrants do not seem to be inherently violent as a result of coming from a war-torn country. The second study indicates that it is not the age at immigration, but the family situation that seems to dictate criminal propensity. The final study suggests that threats of deportation and stricter immigration policies do not seem to deter criminality. The most interesting result was probably that high home country human development was a protective factor against crime. This is the first known work to uncover such a result. Future theoretical development may be best aimed at unpacking and empirically evaluating the human development index as a risk factor. Together, these three studies suggest that some previously unconsidered uniquely immigrant factors are related to risk for criminality. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Criminology, Stockholm Univeristy, 2015. 52 p.
Series
Avhandlingsserie / Kriminologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, ISSN 1404-1820 ; 37
Keyword
immigrants and crime, foreign background, criminology
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-113490 (URN)978-91-7649-114-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-04-22, hörsal 4, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript.

Available from: 2015-03-30 Created: 2015-02-03 Last updated: 2015-04-07Bibliographically approved

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