Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Tyr: En vetenskapshistorisk och komparativ studie av föreställningar och gestaltningar kopplade till den fornnordiske guden Tyr
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Tyr – A historical and comparative study of configurations and formations connected to the Old Norse god Tyr. Klas af Edholm

 

This thesis has two aims. One is a discussion of the history of the study of Old Norse religion and related aspects, centered on how general tendencies within the area of research have affected the interpretations of the god *Tīwaz/Tyr. Thereby, it treats a selection of influential trends of interpretation, and a selection of prominent scholars of the field. The second aim is an empirical and comparative analysis of the Old Norse source material and, to some degree, the continental Germanic, the Baltic, and the other Indo-European material. Tyr has been interpreted according to trends of research in the field; the mythological character has been used as a projection screen of the theories. Already from the beginning, Tyr was interpreted as a sky god; connected to this was the conception of an original high god. The interpretations of Tyr as a sun god, sky god, and/or law god are close related to this high god conception. These interpretations of the god Tyr has built their arguments upon the etymological connection to Indo-European words for ‘heaven, celestial’ and ‘god’, but they have not taken enough consideration of the Old Norse sources. Georges Dumézil interpreted Tyr, according to his système tripartite, as a law god. This understanding of the god has been widely adopted, but cannot be confirmed; the Old Norse material only speaks of Tyr as a war god. The comparative Indo-European etymological material indicates that his function as sky god is archaic, while the martial traits shared with the continental Germanic and Celtic counterparts prove that this characteristic must have evolved early. Tyr (or rather his predecessor *Tīwaz) lost his celestial traits and became an unmitigated war god, and as such we perceive him in the Old Norse religion. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 118 p.
Keyword [sv]
Tyr, týr, tívar, *Tīwaz, fornnordisk, kontinentalgermansk, indoeuropeisk, mytologi, krigsgud, himmelsgud, solgud, komparativ metod, forskningshistoria, naturmytologi, sociologism, strukturalism, höggudstro, hyperkritik, eddadikt, Snorres Edda, runnamn, etymologi, gudanamn
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-113524OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-113524DiVA: diva2:785780
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-02-17 Created: 2015-02-03 Last updated: 2015-02-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1743 kB)670 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1743 kBChecksum SHA-512
105ba3927be75ff74fa6d28efb26b3307949ed862417e0a82e19d223920102f1e1bbaf17113929044094cc4f2cfa2eb1d023c2e99651ef1ad2a3ae55131dad72
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
History of Religions
Humanities

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 670 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 818 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf