Internet-Based Vs. Face-To-Face Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Psychiatric and Somatic Disorders: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
2014 (English)In: Abstracts from the 44th Congress of the European Association for Behavioural & Cognitive Therapies, Utrecht: EABCT , 2014Conference paper, Abstract (Refereed)
Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) has been tested in many research trials but to a lesser extent been directly compared against face-to-face delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on trials in which guided ICBT was directly compared against face-to-face CBT within the same trial. Studies on psychiatric and somatic conditions were included. Systematic searches resulted in 13 studies (total N=1053) that met all review criteria and were included in the review. There were 3 studies on social anxiety disorder, 3 on panic disorder, 2 on depressive symptoms, 2 on body dissatisfaction, 1 on tinnitus, 1 on male sexual dysfunction, and 1 on spider phobia. Face-to-face CBT was either in the individual format (n=6 ) or in the group format (n=7). We also assessed quality and risk of bias. Results showed a pooled effect size at post-treatment across of Hedges g = -0.01 (95% CI, -0.13 to 0.12), indicating that ICBT and face-to-face treatment produce equivalent overall effects. Study quality did not affect outcomes. While the overall results indicate equivalence, there are still few studies for each psychiatric and somatic condition and many for which guided ICBT has not been compared against face-to-face treatment. Thus, more research is needed to establish equivalence of the two treatment formats.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Utrecht: EABCT , 2014.
internet-based face-to-face, CBT, psychiatric disorders, somatic disorders
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-113639OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-113639DiVA: diva2:786520
EABCT 2014: 44th Congress of the European Association for Behavioural & Cognitive Therapies, September 10-13, 2014, The Hague, The Netherlands.