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Justice Enactment and Well-Being: A test among SME owner-managers
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study contributes to justice theory by exploring the antecedents of justice enactment and its consequences for the well-being of justice actors. Building on deontic justice and ego depletion theory, we suggest justice enactment triggers negative ego depletion effects, and, simultaneously, positive deontic effects. The relative strength of these opposing effects is hypothesized to vary across the facets of justice enactment and determines whether interpersonal and informational justice enactment has a positive or negative impact on well-being. A longitudinal study of owner-managers of small and medium-sized companies in France shows, as hypothesized, that moral regard and justice self-efficacy positively predict justice enactment. After controlling for baseline levels of health, vacation and business results, findings reveal that interpersonal justice enactment is positively related to self-rated health, while informational justice enactment is positively related to professional recognition, but negatively related to health (both self-rated health and sleep quality). Implications for research on the actor perspective of justice and implications for practice are discussed.

Keyword [en]
organizational justice, justice enactment, deontic justice, ego depletion, entrepreneurs
National Category
Psychology Economics and Business
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-113686OAI: diva2:787002
Available from: 2015-02-08 Created: 2015-02-08 Last updated: 2015-02-23
In thesis
1. Processes of Organizational Justice: Insights into the perception and enactment of justice
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Processes of Organizational Justice: Insights into the perception and enactment of justice
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Well-being at work is of major public interest, and justice at the workplace can be a key factor contributing to employees and managers feeling well. Research has found direct relationships between organizational justice perceptions and work and health outcomes. With research on the justice–health link still emerging, this thesis examines the moderating and mediating processes for the effects of justice perceptions on work outcomes and especially health outcomes. As little is known about those who enact justice, the antecedents and consequences of justice enactment are also studied. In Study I, the relationships between organizational justice and work and health outcomes were in focus, as the moderating role of job characteristics was investigated utilizing the demand–control(–support) model. Organizational justice and job characteristics were associated with work and health outcomes within and across time. The multiplicative effects showed that the organizational justice effects were stronger when perceived job demands were high, job control was low or social support was low. Study II examined the processes through which justice perceptions translate into health outcomes. Building on the allostatic load model, mental preoccupation with work was found to be a relevant mediator of the justice–health relationship, with locus of control moderating the mediated relationships. Study III focused on the actor perspective. Investigating predictions based on the deontic model of justice and ego-depletion theory, moral regard and justice self-efficacy predicted justice enactment positively, and justice enactment had positive effects on feeling professionally recognized but also negative health consequences for the actors themselves. This thesis contributes to advancing the emergent justice–health research stream by providing insights into the processes underlying these aspects, and by incorporating this stream into the actor perspective. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, 2015. 99 p.
organizational justice, overall justice, fairness, justice enactment, well-being, health, Demand-Control-Support, allostatic load, entrepreneurs, owner-managers, deontic justice, ego depletion
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-114113 (URN)978-91-7649-098-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-04-10, David Magnussonsalen (U31), Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 3: Submitted.

Available from: 2015-03-19 Created: 2015-02-20 Last updated: 2015-03-20Bibliographically approved

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Eib, Constanze
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