Abrupt climate change and early lake development - the Lateglacial diatom flora at Hasseldala Port, southeastern Sweden
2015 (English)In: Boreas, ISSN 0300-9483, E-ISSN 1502-3885, Vol. 44, no 1, 94-102 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The fossil diatom record from the Hasseldala Port palaeolake, southeastern Sweden, offers an excellent opportunity to investigate how past climatic shifts influenced catchment conditions and early lake development. The record, dating to between 13900 and 11200 cal. a BP, covers a climatically dynamic period, starting with deglaciation followed by oscillations between warmer and colder climate states. The stratigraphical changes in the fossil diatom assemblages show a trend of less open-water taxa and a successively more complex periphytic community as the lake shallows and the aquatic habitat structure develops. A diatom-based reconstruction of lake water pH indicates a natural acidification trend early in the record from 13900 to 12500 cal. a BP. From 12500 cal. a BP, coincident with the start of climate cooling, to 11300 cal. a BP this trend is disrupted and lake waters become more alkaline. A cooler and drier climate most likely resulted in reduced soil organic matter build-up as well as more frozen ground that impeded hydrological flow and decreased the input of dissolved organic matter and organic acids into the lake system. This study demonstrates the importance of the hydrological system as a link between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems during early lake ontogeny.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 44, no 1, 94-102 p.
Physical Geography Geology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-113546DOI: 10.1111/bor.12081ISI: 000347169200008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-113546DiVA: diva2:787077