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Facts, feelings and temperature expressions in the Hindukush
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3907-0930
Forum for Language Initiatives.
2015 (English)In: The Linguistics of Temperature / [ed] Maria Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2015, 440-470 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Indo-Aryan Palula (Pakistan) is spoken in a part of the mountainous Hindukush region characterised by sharp climatic and altitude contrasts. In this study, five central temperature terms are investigated and related to tactile temperature, ambient temperature and experiencer-based (i.e. personal-feeling) temperature: táatu‘hot/warm’, šidáalu ‘cold’, húluk ‘heat’, šidaloó ‘coolness’, and šid ‘coldness’. A few salient correlations between particular expressions and the type of experience involved are identified: First, temperature adjectives are restricted to the domain of rational experience, whereas temperature nouns typically are associated with expressions that refer to thermal (and subjective) comfort or ambient temperature. Second, while temperature evaluated or measured directly by touching an entity tends to be grammatically encoded as noun modification, the subjective experience is expressed with the temperature noun as a stimulus acting upon a non-nominative experiencer. Finally we discuss a few semantic extensions into the human temperament/propensity domain, such as ‘affection is warmth’ and ‘anger is heat’.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2015. 440-470 p.
, Typological studies in language, ISSN 0167-7373 ; 107
Keyword [en]
temperature, semantic domains, Palula, Indo-Aryan, Pakistan
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-114022DOI: 10.1075/tsl.107.14lilISBN: 9789027206886OAI: diva2:789058
Available from: 2015-02-17 Created: 2015-02-17 Last updated: 2015-03-31Bibliographically approved

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Liljegren, Henrik
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