Influence of phantom thickness and material on the backscatter factors for diagnostic x-ray beam dosimetry
2013 (English)In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155, E-ISSN 1361-6560, Vol. 58, no 2, 247-260 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Most of the existing backscatter factors for the dosimetry of clinical diagnostic x-ray beams have been calculated for 15 cm thick phantoms; these data are used for skin dose determinations which in general ignore the influence of phantom material and thickness. The former should strictly be required whenever dosimetry measurements are made on phantom materials different from those used for the backscatter factor calculations. The phantom or patient thickness is of special importance when skin dose determinations are made for infants or paediatric patients. In this work, the recently published formalism for reference dosimetry and comprehensive database of backscatter factors for clinical beams and water phantoms have been extended using two correction factors which account for phantom material and thickness. These were determined with simulations using the PENELOPE Monte Carlo system, for PMMA to analyse the influence of the phantom material relative to water, and for a broad range of thicknesses of water and PMMA to investigate the role of this parameter in patient dose estimates. The material correction factor was found to be in the range 3-10%, depending on the field size and the HVL. The thickness correction factor was in the range 2-12% for a 5 cm thick phantom and square field sizes between 5 and 35 cm, reaching a plateau of about ±1% for thicknesses beyond 13 cm. Expressions in the form of surface fits over the calculated data are provided which streamline the determination of backscatter factors for arbitrary thicknesses and phantom materials, as well as field sizes. Results demonstrate the inadequacy of using conventional backscatter factors (calculated for 15 cm thick phantoms) without correction factors that take into account the phantom material and its thickness.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 58, no 2, 247-260 p.
small field dosimetry, Monte Carlo, PENELOPE, output correction factors
Research subject Medical Radiation Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-114133DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/58/2/247ISI: 000312674400006PubMedID: 23257169OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-114133DiVA: diva2:789934