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Processes of Organizational Justice: Insights into the perception and enactment of justice
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (Division of Work and Organizational Psychology)
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Well-being at work is of major public interest, and justice at the workplace can be a key factor contributing to employees and managers feeling well. Research has found direct relationships between organizational justice perceptions and work and health outcomes. With research on the justice–health link still emerging, this thesis examines the moderating and mediating processes for the effects of justice perceptions on work outcomes and especially health outcomes. As little is known about those who enact justice, the antecedents and consequences of justice enactment are also studied. In Study I, the relationships between organizational justice and work and health outcomes were in focus, as the moderating role of job characteristics was investigated utilizing the demand–control(–support) model. Organizational justice and job characteristics were associated with work and health outcomes within and across time. The multiplicative effects showed that the organizational justice effects were stronger when perceived job demands were high, job control was low or social support was low. Study II examined the processes through which justice perceptions translate into health outcomes. Building on the allostatic load model, mental preoccupation with work was found to be a relevant mediator of the justice–health relationship, with locus of control moderating the mediated relationships. Study III focused on the actor perspective. Investigating predictions based on the deontic model of justice and ego-depletion theory, moral regard and justice self-efficacy predicted justice enactment positively, and justice enactment had positive effects on feeling professionally recognized but also negative health consequences for the actors themselves. This thesis contributes to advancing the emergent justice–health research stream by providing insights into the processes underlying these aspects, and by incorporating this stream into the actor perspective. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University , 2015. , 99 p.
Keyword [en]
organizational justice, overall justice, fairness, justice enactment, well-being, health, Demand-Control-Support, allostatic load, entrepreneurs, owner-managers, deontic justice, ego depletion
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-114113ISBN: 978-91-7649-098-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-114113DiVA: diva2:789976
Public defence
2015-04-10, David Magnussonsalen (U31), Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 3: Submitted.

Available from: 2015-03-19 Created: 2015-02-20 Last updated: 2015-03-20Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The interaction between organizational justice and job characteristics: Associations with work attitudes and employee health cross-sectionally and over time
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The interaction between organizational justice and job characteristics: Associations with work attitudes and employee health cross-sectionally and over time
2015 (English)In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 36, no 3, 549-582 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigates to what extent main and interactive effects of overall organizational justice and job characteristics shape employees’ work attitudes (organizational commitment, intention to stay) and health (mental health, somatic health) cross-sectionally and after a period of one year. Questionnaire data from 429 Swedish accountants show that generally both organizational justice and job characteristics had main effects on all outcomes at both time points. Interactions between organizational justice and job characteristics were found for every job characteristic studied (demand, control, support), for both time points but mainly for intention to stay and somatic health. The results show that perceptions of organizational justice and job characteristics can have additive and multiplicative synergetic effects for work attitudes and employee health.

Keyword
DCS model, job characteristics, organizational justice, overall justice
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-113393 (URN)10.1177/0143831X14525060 (DOI)000358733200009 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2006-1139
Available from: 2015-01-29 Created: 2015-01-29 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
2. Don’t Let it Get to You!: a Moderated Mediated Approach to the (In)justice–Health Relationship
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Don’t Let it Get to You!: a Moderated Mediated Approach to the (In)justice–Health Relationship
2015 (English)In: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, ISSN 1076-8998, E-ISSN 1939-1307, Vol. 20, no 4, 434-445 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigates the consequences of overall justice perceptions on employees’ mental health and work-family conflict. While many studies have found that perceiving injustice at work is harmful, little is known about the underlying processes. Based on the allostatic load model, it is hypothesized that mental preoccupation with work, defined as a cognitive state, is a mediator linking overall justice perceptions to employee health. Moreover, we argue that locus of control is a moderator for the mediated relationship. We tested our hypotheses with panel data consisting of 412 Swedish office workers. Results support that mental preoccupation with work mediates the relationship between overall justice and mental health, and overall justice and work-family conflict. Results also reveal that mental preoccupation with work plays a greater mediating role for individuals with an external locus of control. Implications and suggestions for future studies on the emerging relationship between organizational justice and health are discussed.

Keyword
Organizational Justice, Overall Justice, Health, Locus of Control, Allostatic Load
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-113685 (URN)10.1037/a0039005 (DOI)000361882100003 ()
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2006-1139
Available from: 2015-02-08 Created: 2015-02-08 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
3. Justice Enactment and Well-Being: A test among SME owner-managers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Justice Enactment and Well-Being: A test among SME owner-managers
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study contributes to justice theory by exploring the antecedents of justice enactment and its consequences for the well-being of justice actors. Building on deontic justice and ego depletion theory, we suggest justice enactment triggers negative ego depletion effects, and, simultaneously, positive deontic effects. The relative strength of these opposing effects is hypothesized to vary across the facets of justice enactment and determines whether interpersonal and informational justice enactment has a positive or negative impact on well-being. A longitudinal study of owner-managers of small and medium-sized companies in France shows, as hypothesized, that moral regard and justice self-efficacy positively predict justice enactment. After controlling for baseline levels of health, vacation and business results, findings reveal that interpersonal justice enactment is positively related to self-rated health, while informational justice enactment is positively related to professional recognition, but negatively related to health (both self-rated health and sleep quality). Implications for research on the actor perspective of justice and implications for practice are discussed.

Keyword
organizational justice, justice enactment, deontic justice, ego depletion, entrepreneurs
National Category
Psychology Economics and Business
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-113686 (URN)
Available from: 2015-02-08 Created: 2015-02-08 Last updated: 2015-02-23

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