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2015 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 799, no 1, 52Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Since the discovery of the unusual prototype SN 2002cx, the eponymous class of Type I (hydrogen-poor) supernovae with low ejecta speeds has grown to include approximately two dozen members identified from several heterogeneous surveys, in some cases ambiguously. Here we present the results of a systematic study of 1077 Type I supernovae discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory, leading to nine new members of this peculiar class. Moreover, we find there are two distinct subclasses based on their spectroscopic, photometric, and host galaxy properties: SN 2002cx-like supernovae tend to be in later-type or more irregular hosts, have more varied and generally dimmer luminosities, have longer rise times, and lack a Ti II trough when compared to SN 2002es-like supernovae. None of our objects show helium, and we counter a previous claim of two such events. We also find that the occurrence rate of these transients relative to Type Ia supernovae is 5.6(-3.8)(+22) % (90% confidence), lower compared to earlier estimates. Combining our objects with the literature sample, we propose that these subclasses have two distinct physical origins.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 799, no 1, 52
Keyword [en]
supernovae: general, supernovae: individual (iPTF 13an, PTF 09ego, PTF 09eiy, PTF 09eoi, PTF 10xk, PTF 10bvr, PTF 10ujn, PTF 10acdh, PTF 11hyh, SN 2002cx, SN 2002es), surveys, techniques: spectroscopic
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-114357DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/799/1/52ISI: 000348214500050OAI: diva2:793659


Available from: 2015-03-09 Created: 2015-03-02 Last updated: 2015-03-09Bibliographically approved

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Goobar, Ariel
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Department of PhysicsThe Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)
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