Thermal stability of titanate nanorods and titania nanowires formed from titanate nanotubes by heating
2014 (English)In: Materials Characterization, ISSN 1044-5803, E-ISSN 1873-4189, Vol. 98, 26-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The structure of titanate nanowires was studied by a combination of powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and 3D precession electron diffraction. Titania nanowires and titanate nanorods were prepared by heating of titanate nanotubes. The structure of final product depended on heating conditions. Titanium nanotubes heated in air at a temperature of 850 degrees C decomposed into three phases Na2Ti6O13 (nanorods) and two phases of TiO2 anatase and rutile. At higher temperatures the anatase form of TiO2 transforms into rutile and the nanorods change into rutile nanoparticles. By contrast, in the vacuum only anatase phases of TiO2 were obtained by heating at 900 degrees C. The anatase transformation into ruffle began only after a longer time of heating at 1000 degrees C. For the description of anisotropic XRD line broadening in the total powder pattern fitting by the program MSTRUCT a model of nanorods with elliptical base was included in the software. The model parameters rod length, axis size of the elliptical base, the ellipse flattening parameter and twist of the base could be refined. Variation of particle shapes with temperature was found.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 98, 26-36 p.
Titania nanowires, Titanate nanorods, X-ray diffraction, Precession electron diffraction
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-113710DOI: 10.1016/j.matchar2014.10.008ISI: 000347588700004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-113710DiVA: diva2:796337