Using Chemical Benchmarking to Determine the Persistence of Chemicals in a Swedish Lake
2015 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 49, no 3, 1646-1653 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
It is challenging to measure the persistence of chemicals under field conditions. In this work, two approaches for measuring persistence in the field were compared: the chemical mass balance approach, and a novel chemical benchmarking approach. Ten pharmaceuticals, an X-ray contrast agent, and an artificial sweetener were studied in a Swedish lake. Acesulfame K was selected as a benchmark to quantify persistence using the chemical benchmarking approach. The 95% confidence intervals of the half-life for transformation in the lake system ranged from 780-5700 days for carbamazepine to <1-2 days for ketoprofen. The persistence estimates obtained using the benchmarking approach agreed well with those from the mass balance approach (1-21% difference), indicating that chemical benchmarking can be a valid and useful method to measure the persistence of chemicals under field conditions. Compared to the mass balance approach, the benchmarking approach partially or completely eliminates the need to quantify mass flow of chemicals, so it is particularly advantageous when the quantification of mass flow of chemicals is difficult. Furthermore, the benchmarking approach allows for ready comparison and ranking of the persistence of different chemicals.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 49, no 3, 1646-1653 p.
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Chemical Sciences
Research subject Applied Environmental Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-115690DOI: 10.1021/es505548kISI: 000349060300050PubMedID: 25565241OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-115690DiVA: diva2:799328