Hardened austenite steel with columnar sub-grain structure formed by laser melting
2015 (English)In: Materials Science & Engineering: A, ISSN 0921-5093, E-ISSN 1873-4936, Vol. 625, 221-229 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Laser melting (LM), with a focused Nd: YAG laser beam, was used to form solid bodies from a 316L austenite stainless steel powder. The microstructure, phase content and texture of the LM stainless steel were characterized and compared with conventional 316L stainless steel. The crack-free LM samples achieved a relative density of 98.6 +/- 0.1%. The XRD pattern revealed a single phase Austenite with preferential crystallite growth along the (100) plane and an orientation degree of 0.84 on the building surface. A fine columnar sub-grain structure of size 0.5 mu m was observed inside each individual large grain of single-crystal nature and with grain sizes in the range of 10-100 mu m. Molybdenum was found to be enriched at the sub-grain boundaries accompanied with high dislocation concentrations. It was proposed that such a sub-grain structure is formed by the compositional fluctuation due to the slow kinetics of homogeneous alloying of large Mo atoms during rapid solidification. The local enrichment of misplaced Mo in the Austenite lattice induced a network of dislocation tangling, which would retard or even block the migration of newly formed dislocations under indentation force, turning otherwise a soft Austenite to hardened steel. In addition, local formation of spherical nano-inclusions of an amorphous chromium-containing silicate was observed. The origin and the implications of the formation of such oxide nano-inclusions were discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 625, 221-229 p.
Laser melting, Austenite stainless steel, Solidification, Compositional fluctuation, Dislocations
Research subject Materials Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-115683DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2014.12.018ISI: 000349579000027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-115683DiVA: diva2:799690