Time-transgressive environmental shifts across Northern Europe at the onset of the Younger Dryas
2015 (English)In: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, E-ISSN 1873-457X, Vol. 109, 49-56 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Until lately, it has commonly been assumed that the last major reorganization of the North Atlantic ocean-atmosphere system, the Younger Dryas climatic reversal, spread synchronously on continental to hemispheric scales. This assumption arose because reliable chronologies, which would allow capturing the complexity surrounding local responses to abrupt climate change, were lacking. To better understand the temporal structure at the inception of the Younger Dryas across the North Atlantic, we revised, updated and compared the chronological framework of four Northern European sediment sequences (Lake Krakenes, Lake Madtjarn, Lake Gammelmose, Sluggan Bog) by applying classical Bayesian modelling. We found distinct and spatially consistent age differences between the inferred ages of the Allerod interstadial - Younger Dryas stadial pollen zone boundaries among the four sites. Our results suggest an earlier vegetation response at sites along latitude 56-54 degrees N as compared to sites located at 60 -58 degrees N. We explain this time lag by a gradual regional cooling that started as early as c. 12,900 -13,100 cal. BP. This phenomenon was probably linked to cooling around the Nordic Seas as a result of enhanced iceberg calving from the Fennoscandian Ice Sheet during the final stage of the Aneroid inter-stadial. By contrast, vegetation shifts at sites located further north occurred significantly later and in concert with the establishment of full stadial climate conditions (c. 12,600-12,750 cal. BP). Our study emphasizes the need to develop solid regional C-14 chronologies and to employ the same age modelling approach to determine the temporal and spatial response to a climatic shift.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 109, 49-56 p.
Northern Europe, Younger Dryas, Radiocarbon, Bayesian age-depth models
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject Marine Geology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-115294DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.11.015ISI: 000348957200005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-115294DiVA: diva2:799908