Waterborne Carbon in Northern Streams: Controls on dissolved carbon transport across sub-arctic Scandinavia
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Waterborne carbon (C) forms an active and significant part of the global C cycle, which is important in theArctic where greater temperature increases and variability are anticipated relative to the rest of the globe withpotential implications for the C cycle. Understanding and quantification of the current processes governing themovement of C by connecting terrestrial and marine systems is necessary to better estimate future changes ofwaterborne C. This thesis investigates how the sub-arctic landscape influences the waterborne carbon exportby combining data-driven and modeling methods across spatial and temporal scales. First, a study of the stateof total organic carbon monitoring in northern Scandinavia was carried out using national-scale monitoringdata and detailed data from scientific literature. This study, which highlights the consistency in land cover andhydroclimatic controls on waterborne C across northern Scandinavia, was combined with three more detailedstudies leveraging field measurements and modeling. These focused on the Abisko region to provide insightto processes and mechanisms across scales. The thesis highlights that the governing transport mechanismsof dissolved organic and inorganic carbon (DOC and DIC respectively) are fundamentally different due todifferences in release rates associated with the nature of their terrestrial sources (geogenic and organic matterrespectively). As such, the DIC mass flux exhibits a high flow-dependence whereas DOC is relatively flowindependent.Furthermore, these investigations identified significant relationships between waterborne C andbiogeophysical as well as hydroclimatic variables across large to small spatial scales. This thesis demonstratesthat both surface and sub-surface hydrological processes (such as flow pathway distributions) in combinationwith distributions of C sources and associated release rates are prerequisite for understanding waterborne Cdynamics in northern streams.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Physical Geography, Stockholms Universitet , 2015.
Dissertations from the Department of Physical Geography, ISSN 1653-7211 ; 48
dissolved carbon, DOC, DIC, TOC, sub-arctic, hydrology, Abisko
Research subject Physical Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-115883ISBN: 978-91-7649-141-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-115883DiVA: diva2:800639
2015-05-22, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Kortelainen, Pirkko, PhD
Lyon, Steve W., DocentDestouni, Georgia, ProfessorDahlke, Helen, Assistant Professor
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2007-8393
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Submitted. Paper 4: Accepted.2015-04-292015-04-072015-04-30Bibliographically approved
List of papers