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Suveränitetserosion?: Om EU-rättens påverkan på nationella sociala trygghetsmodeller; särskilt Sverige
Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
2015 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Sovereignty Erosion? : A study on the Impact of EU Law on National Social Security Systems; with a Special Focus on Sweden (English)
Abstract [sv]

Frågan som avhandlingen Suveränitetserosion? ställer är om den fortsatta utvecklingen ska vara för EU att lagstifta om eller om den, som den till övervägande del varit de senaste femtio åren, ska fortsätta utvecklas av EU-domstolen.

Medlemsstaternasnationella sociala trygghetssystem är inte, och kan inte vara, opåverkade i ett unionsrättsligt sammanhang. 

Det rättsliga landskapet år 2015 ser markant annorlunda ut än 1958 års med enbart fokus på en inre marknad. Dagens landskap kännetecknas istället av tre, var för sig fristående unionsrättsliga krafter. Man har numera, utöver den inre marknadens rättsliga mekanismer, att beakta unionsmedborgarskapet men även rättighetsstadgan. Det rör sig om en, initialt, lagstiftningsledd utveckling som lett till tre parallellt verkande krafter som samverkar, förstärker, försvarar men också förändrar uppfattningen om det unionsrättsliga samarbetet genom en samordning av medlemsstaternas sociala trygghetssystem.

I krisens kölvatten, men också genom östutvidgningen av EU, har det uppstått ökade skillnader i ekonomiskt och socialt välstånd inom EU. Samtidigt talar EU fortsatt om unionen som en social marknadsekonomi. Mot denna bakgrund har spänningsfälten mellan fri personrörlighet, solidaritet och hållbara sociala trygghetssystem accentuerats.

Avhandlingen analyserar särskilt det svenska sociala trygghetssystemet i ljuset av unionsrätten. Avhandlingen illustrerar här på ett tydligt sätt de utmaningar nationella välfärdsmodeller ställs inför när dessa exponeras mot unionsrätten. Den svenska modellen har påverkats i hög grad men några radikala förändringar av förmånerna eller en tendens mot fler arbetsbaserade förmåner har ännu inte skett. Istället kan man skönja en strukturell eftersläpning vad gäller att tillämpa gällande EU-rätt.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the thesis Suveränitetserosion? is to examine how EU law relates to and has an impact on the national social security systems of the Member States with a special focus on the Swedish social security system.

The thesis starting point is that there is a matter of conflicting interests; the Member States’ understanding of coordination is limited due to the idea of a state as sovereign with a nationwide sense of solidarity within an agreed economic framework while the point of departure for the EU concerning the coordination is based on the idea that the territorial systems of the Member States should open up to ensure a greater free movement of persons.

With the advent of the European Economic Community in 1958, the social security systems of the Member States were coordinated through Regulation 3/58 in order to support the free movement of workers: a coordination which at the same time was supposed to respect the competences of the Member States as regards their respective social security systems. The legal landscape in 2015 looks markedly different compared to 1958. Today, the landscape is instead characterised by three Union legal structures independent of each other. Apart from the legal mechanisms of the Internal Market, today, Union citizenship as well as the Charter of Fundamental Rights must be taken into consideration. Initially, it is a matter of a legislation-governed development that has led to three parallel forces in action which cooperate, reinforce, defend but also change the view of coordination. Furthermore as new patterns of movement and unforeseen legal situations have developed, questions have arisen for which the current Regulation 883/2004 has had no answer but which still must be answered. It is at these crossroads that the Court of Justice of the European Union has had to choose between more or less Europe. This is where the questions about how and why the rulings of the Court of Justice of the European Union have had an impact on the national social security systems have come to the fore.

The Swedish example clearly illustrates the challenges that national welfare models face when they are exposed to Union law. The Swedish model has, as the thesis concludes, been highly affected although no radical changes in benefits or a tendency towards more work-based benefits have as yet been introduced.

The Member States’ social security systems are, as the thesis concludes, affected by the Internal Market and also by Union citizenship which gives an individual the right to move freely within the EU. In the future, the Charter of Fundamental Rights, which as yet has not shown its full potential, may gain in importance. The question that must be asked therefore is whether the EU shall be given the mandate to legislate the future development of social security or whether, as has been the case over the last fifty years, it should primarily be developed by the Court of Justice of the European Union.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Visby: Ragulka förlag , 2015. , 492 p.
Keyword [en]
EU Law, Social Security, Free Movement of Workers, Free Movement of Persons, Free Movement of Services, Internal Market, the Charter of Fundamental Rights, Union Citizenship, Regulation 3/58, Regulation 1408/71, Regulation 883/2004, Regulation 1612/68, Regulation 492/2011, Directive 2004/38
Keyword [sv]
social trygghet, europeisk integrationsrätt, migrerande arbetstagare, inre marknaden, unionsmedborgarskap, rättighetsstadgan, tolkningsmetoder, förordning 882/2004, förordning 1408/71, förordning 3/58
National Category
Law
Research subject
European Law
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-115143ISBN: 978-91-85333-64-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-115143DiVA: diva2:801025
Public defence
2015-05-29, Ahlmannsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-05-06 Created: 2015-03-17 Last updated: 2015-04-14Bibliographically approved

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