Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Perfluoroalkyl acids and their precursors in Swedish food: The relative importance of direct and indirect dietary exposure
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM).
2015 (English)In: Environmental Pollution, ISSN 0269-7491, E-ISSN 1873-6424, Vol. 198, 108-115 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We analyzed food market basket samples obtained in Sweden from 1999, 2005, and 2010 for perfluoroallcyl acids (PFAAs) and a range of precursor compounds. Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) precursors were detected in all food year pools with the highest concentrations in 1999. Six polyfluoroalkyl phosphate diesters (diPAPs, 4:2/6:2, 6:2/6:2, 6:2/8:2, 8:2/8:2, 6:2/10:2, and 10:2/10:2) were detected in the year pools with the highest Sigma diPAP concentrations in 1999 and 2005. All precursors were predominantly found in meat, fish, and/or eggs based on analysis of individual food groups from 1999. Based on year pools, PFOS precursors contributed between 4 and 1% as an indirect source to total dietary PFOS intakes between 1999 and 2010. Perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA) exposure originated entirely from diPAPs, whereas for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), diPAPs contributed between 1 and 19% to total exposure. The lowest precursor contributions were generally seen in food samples from 2010.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 198, 108-115 p.
Keyword [en]
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), Precursors, Dietary exposure, Temporal changes, PAPs
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-115988DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2014.12.022ISI: 000350191600015PubMedID: 25590128OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-115988DiVA: diva2:802079
Note

AuthorCount:4;

Available from: 2015-04-10 Created: 2015-04-08 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Gebbink, Wouter A.Berger, Urs
By organisation
Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM)
In the same journal
Environmental Pollution
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 10 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf