Why Integrated Natural Resource Management in Malagarasi-Muyovozi Ramsar Site, Tanzania?: Insights from Ugalla Game Reserve
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
To maintain the ecological character in Ramsar wetlands requires a management approach that addresses all interrelated issues at different scales and for different resource uses. Currently, the infestation and the spread of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) in Ugalla River within the Ugalla Game Reserve is a threat affecting the ecological character of the Malagarasi-Muyovozi Ramsar Site (MMRS). The Ugalla River is the main source of water supporting wildlife and livelihood activities such as fishing in that part of the MMRS. An aerial survey in the Ugalla River using a microlight aircraft established that almost 35% of the water surface in the Ugalla River within the Ugalla Game Reserve is either partially or completely covered by the water hyacinth. As a consequence, two fishing camps have already been closed. Currently, the water hyacinth infestation is managed using a sector-based wildlife management plan that has less focus on maintaining the ecological character of the Ugalla River and more focus on wildlife management. To address multiple stresses in MMRS, an integrated natural resource management plan is recommended to work in accordance with the Ramsar Wise Use Principle thereby adhering to the Ramsar Convention Guidelines for management planning for Ramsar sites and other wetlands.
Biodiversity, Livelihood, Invasive species, Water hyacinth, Wetlands
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject Physical Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-116284OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-116284DiVA: diva2:806002