Home ranges and utilization distributions of African elephants in Ugalla landscape, Western Tanzania
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Identifying the core areas used by wildlife species in a landscape is relevant for management and conservation of the species and their habitats. In Tanzania, little is known about the basic ecology of most medium-sized and large mammals in Miombo ecosystems of Western Tanzania. In this study, we tracked six African elephants in the Ugalla landscape in Western Tanzania using the GPS collars in order to depict their home range and habitat utilizations. Collared elephants used different parts of the Ugalla landscape in both wet and dry seasons (regardless of landscape management differences), but their main distribution were focused to the Ugalla Game Reserve due to permanent water availability in the Ugalla River and regular patrols. Sizes of home ranges were estimated using 100% Minimum Convex Polygons and Time-Locoh Convex Hulls (T-LoCoH) method and the results differed among the six collared elephants. Effective conservation is challenging, because it involves obvious complexities and approaches that vary from science and planning to policy and site-specific measures, but we recommend joint anti-poaching patrols in Ugalla landscape that goes beyond the Ugalla Game Reserve to other adjacent protected areas.
Research subject Physical Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-116281OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-116281DiVA: diva2:806003