Leader communication approaches and patient safety: an integrated model
2015 (English)In: Journal of Safety Research, ISSN 0022-4375, E-ISSN 1879-1247, Vol. 53, 53-62 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Problem: Leader communication is known to influence a number of employee behaviors. When it comes to the relationship between leader communication and safety, the evidence is more scarce and ambiguous. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether and in what way leader communication relates to safety outcomes. The study examines two leader communication approaches: leader safety priority communication and feedback to subordinates. These approaches were assumed to affect safety outcomes via different employee behaviors. Method: Questionnaire data, collected from 221 employees at two hospital wards, were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results: The two examined communication approaches were both positively related to safety outcomes, although leader safety priority communication was mediated by employee compliance and feedback communication by organizational citizenship behaviors. Conclusion: The findings suggest that leader communication plays a vital role in improving organizational and patient safety and that different communication approaches seem to positively affect different but equally essential employee safety behaviors. Practical applications: The results highlights the necessity for leaders to engage in one-way communication of safety values as well as in more relational feedback communication with their subordinates in order to enhance patient safety.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 53, 53-62 p.
Workplace safety, safety compliance, safety participation, reporting
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-116684DOI: 10.1016/j.jsr.2015.03.008ISI: 000354584700008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-116684DiVA: diva2:807259
FunderSwedish Radiation Safety Authority, SSM2010-4464