Transformation of austenite to duplex austenite-ferrite assembly in annealed stainless steel 316L consolidated by laser melting
2015 (English)In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, ISSN 0925-8388, E-ISSN 1873-4669, Vol. 633, 463-469 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Laser melting (LM), with a focused Nd:YAG laser beam, was used to form solid bodies from 316L austenite stainless steel powder and the laser melted samples were heat treated at various temperatures. The phase changes in heat treated samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD). Samples heat treated at 800 degrees C and 900 degrees C remained single austenite while in samples heat treated at 1100 degrees C and 1400 degrees C a dual austenite-ferrite phase assembly was formed. The ferrite formation was further verified by electron back scattering diffraction (EBSD) and selective area diffraction (SAD). Microstructural changes were studied by scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM, TEM). In samples heat treated up to 900 degrees C, coalescence of the cellular-sub grains was noticed, whereas in sample heat treated at and above 1100 degrees C the formation of ferrite phase was observed. The correlation between the microstructure/phase assembly and the measured strength/microhardness were investigated, which indicated that the tensile strength of the laser melted material was significantly higher than that of the conventional 316L steel even after heat treatment whereas caution has to be taken when laser melted material will be exposed to an application temperature above 900 degrees C.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 633, 463-469 p.
Laser melting, Phase transformation, Microstructure, Mechanical properties
Research subject Materials Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-116747DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.01.249ISI: 000350911800072OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-116747DiVA: diva2:809820