Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
The anonymity of Catalan and the authenticity of Estonian: two paths for the development of medium-sized languages
University of Tartu, Estonia.
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0050, E-ISSN 1747-7522, Vol. 16, no 2, 153-163 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Catalan and Estonian can be considered ‘medium-sized’ languages with some key common features that allow us to analyze the evolution of the two cases comparatively. Firstly, other formerly hegemonic languages (Spanish and Russian, respectively) have historically minoritized them. Secondly, the political equilibrium has now changed in such a way that the ‘medium-sized’ languages have been resituated in the public sphere, regaining some institutional recognition. In turn, this has caused the formerly dominating languages to be resituated too, where a high degree of contact between the two linguistic communities exists. Finally, in the globalization era, ideologies about (minoritized) languages may shift from identity-based values toward more pragmatic and instrumental ones. This article presents ethnographically collected data from both Tallinn and Barcelona (2008–2009), providing a reading of the Catalan case and evolution as seen through the Estonian experience. The study examines language-ideological constructs underlying the discourses of the linguistic groups in contact, how they affect and are affected by the context, how they interact with and co-modify each other and ultimately, how can they affect the process by which a ‘medium-sized’ language may be adopted by ‘new speakers' and acquires a stable position at the level of its public functions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 16, no 2, 153-163 p.
Keyword [en]
Catalan, Estonian, language ideologies, medium-sized languages, bilingualism, second language acquisition
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-117227DOI: 10.1080/13670050.2012.720665OAI: diva2:812077
Available from: 2015-05-15 Created: 2015-05-15 Last updated: 2015-06-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Soler, Josep
In the same journal
International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
General Language Studies and Linguistics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 12 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link