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Is There a Two-Way Relationship Between Cynicism and Job Strain? Evidence From a Prospective Population-Based Study
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Number of Authors: 11
2015 (English)In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1076-2752, E-ISSN 1536-5948, Vol. 57, no 5, 479-484 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To examine the bidirectional relationship between job strain and cynicism. Methods: The study sample was obtained from the Young Finns study and comprised 757 participants (399 women, 53%). The bidirectional association between cynicism and job strain over a 6-year-follow-up was examined with a cross-lagged structural equation model, controlling for a number of demographic variables. Results: High job strain (beta = 0.08; P = 0.007) was associated with higher baseline-adjusted cynicism 6 years later. Nevertheless, cynicism was not associated with baseline-adjusted job strain. The additional analysis showed that cynicism mediated 21.5% of the relationship between job strain and depression. Conclusions: Perceptions of having a highly strenuous job may elicit mistrustful and cynical attitudes in employees, which in turn may lead to mental health problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 57, no 5, 479-484 p.
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Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-117788DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000430ISI: 000354225000002Local ID: P-3272OAI: diva2:816190
Available from: 2015-06-02 Created: 2015-06-01 Last updated: 2015-10-08Bibliographically approved

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Theorell, Töres
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Stress Research Institute
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