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Probe Region Expression Estimation for RNA-Seq Data for Improved Microarray Comparability
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Stockholm University, Science for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab). University of Helsinki, Finland.
Number of Authors: 2
2015 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 5, e0126545Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Rapidly growing public gene expression databases contain a wealth of data for building an unprecedentedly detailed picture of human biology and disease. This data comes from many diverse measurement platforms that make integrating it all difficult. Although RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) is attracting the most attention, at present, the rate of new microarray studies submitted to public databases far exceeds the rate of new RNA-seq studies. There is clearly a need for methods that make it easier to combine data from different technologies. In this paper, we propose a new method for processing RNA-seq data that yields gene expression estimates that are much more similar to corresponding estimates from microarray data, hence greatly improving cross-platform comparability. The method we call PREBS is based on estimating the expression from RNA-seq reads overlapping the microarray probe regions, and processing these estimates with standard microarray summarisation algorithms. Using paired microarray and RNA-seq samples from TCGA LAML data set we show that PREBS expression estimates derived from RNA-seq are more similar to microarray-based expression estimates than those from other RNA-seq processing methods. In an experiment to retrieve paired microarray samples from a database using an RNA-seq query sample, gene signatures defined based on PREBS expression estimates were found to be much more accurate than those from other methods. PREBS also allows new ways of using RNA-seq data, such as expression estimation for microarray probe sets. An implementation of the proposed method is available in the Bioconductor package prebs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 10, no 5, e0126545
National Category
Biological Sciences Agricultural Biotechnology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118362DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0126545ISI: 000354543500061OAI: diva2:822205
Available from: 2015-06-16 Created: 2015-06-15 Last updated: 2015-06-16Bibliographically approved

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Uziela, Karolis
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Department of Biochemistry and BiophysicsScience for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab)
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