Socially Desirable Responding: Enhancement and Denial in 20 Countries
Number of Authors: 22
2015 (English)In: Cross-cultural research, ISSN 1069-3971, E-ISSN 1552-3578, Vol. 49, no 3, 227-249 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article investigated the dimensionality, measurement invariance, and cross-cultural variations of social desirability. A total of 3,471 university students from 20 countries completed an adapted version of the Marlowe-Crowne scale. A two-dimensional structure was revealed in the pooled sample, distinguishing enhancement (endorsement of positive self-description) and denial (rejection of negative self-description). The factor structure was supported in most countries; medium-sized item bias was found in two denial items. In a multilevel analysis, we found that (a) there was more cross-cultural variation in denial than enhancement; (b) females tended to score higher on enhancement whereas males tended to score higher on denial; (c) the Human Development Index, an indicator of country socioeconomic development, was the best (negative) predictor of denial; and (d) both enhancement and denial seemed to be associated with country-level values and personality pertinent to fitting in. We conclude that social desirability has a positive and a negative impression management dimension that are meaningfully associated with country-level characteristics, and we argue that social desirability is better interpreted as culturally regulated response amplification.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 49, no 3, 227-249 p.
social desirability, cultures, values, personality, multilevel analysis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118331DOI: 10.1177/1069397114552781ISI: 000355006300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-118331DiVA: diva2:823753