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Adsorption of Water and Butanol in Silicalite-1 Film Studied with in Situ Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
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Number of Authors: 8
2015 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 31, no 17, 4887-4894 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Biobutanol produced by, e.g., acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation is a promising alternative to petroleum-based chemicals as, e.g., solvent and fuel. Recovery of butanol from dilute fermentation broths by hydrophobic membranes and adsorbents has been identified as a promising route. In this work, the adsorption of water and butanol vapor in a silicalite-1 film was studied using in situ attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy to better understand the adsorption properties of silicalite-1 membranes and adsorbents. Single-component adsorption isotherms were determined in the temperature range of 35-120 degrees C, and the Langmuir model was successfully fitted to the experimental data. The adsorption of butanol is very favorable compared to that of water. When the silicalite-1 film was exposed to a butanol/water vapor mixture with 15 mol % butanol (which is the vapor composition of an aqueous solution containing 2 wt % butanol, a typical concentration in an ABE fermentation broth, i.e., the composition of the gas obtained from gas stripping of an ABE broth) at 35 degrees C, the adsorption selectivity toward butanol was as high as 107. These results confirm that silicalite-1 quite selectively adsorbs hydrocarbons from vapor mixtures. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive study on the adsorption of water and butanol in silicalite-1 from vapor phase.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 31, no 17, 4887-4894 p.
National Category
Chemical Sciences Materials Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118273DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b00489ISI: 000354154100010OAI: diva2:824370
Available from: 2015-06-22 Created: 2015-06-15 Last updated: 2015-06-22Bibliographically approved

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Bacsik, Zoltan
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Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK)
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