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Competencia sociopragmática en aprendientes de ELE: Un estudio cualitativo sobre factores incidentes en el aula de bachillerato
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
2015 (Spanish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Sociopragmatic Competence in Spanish foreign language learners : A qualitative study of factors in classroom settings (English)
Abstract [es]

Durante las últimas décadas se han llevado a cabo una serie de discusiones con respecto al rol que deben ocupar los estudios pragmáticos en la enseñanza de lenguas y sus implicaciones en la labor pedagógica (Bardovi-Harlig, 1996). En este sentido, el presente estudio cualitativo tiene por objetivo identificar factores que inciden en la competencia sociopragmática (CSP) en la enseñanza ELE (Español como Lengua Extranjera) dentro de un contexto escolar sueco, con estudiantes de bachillerato de nivel B1-B2 según el Marco Común Europeo de Referencia para las lenguas (MCER). La medida de la CSP de los estudiantes se obtiene a través de las muestras de lenguaje proporcionados por actividades de elicitación mediante cuestionarios, mientras que los datos relacionados a los factores de incidencia en el aula se obtienen a través de entrevistas de profundización. Comparamos los niveles de CSP de los estudiantes con los factores de aula y los resultados obtenidos indican que el rol del profesor y su elección didáctica tienen mayor incidencia en la CSP de sus alumnos. Con respecto a las percepciones de los estudiantes, se observa que aquellos estudiantes con mayor nivel de CSP tienen una percepción positiva hacia estos contenidos, mientras que aquellos con niveles más bajos demuestran una visión negativa. Se concluye que existen, en efecto, factores positivos de incidencia en la CSP dentro de un contexto formal de enseñanza, principalmente centrados en el rol del profesor.

Abstract [en]

In the past decades many investigations have discussed the role of pragmatic research in language teaching. Moreover, this discussion has also pointed out how pragmatics can influence in the pedagogical work (Bardovi-Harlig, 1996). The aim of this qualitative study is to identify factors in classroom settings that influence sociopragmatics competence (SPC) in Spanish foreign language learners. In an attempt to better understand these factors within the Swedish education system, this study tested 54 high school students of level B1-B2 according to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). Students' SPC was obtained by language samples provided through elicitation questions. In other hand, data related to the influence of factors in classroom settings in SPC were obtained through in-depth interviews. The results obtained by comparing students' SPC with factors in the classroom context display that teachers' role and their didactics approaches appear with greater importance for the students SPC. From the students perception it was also inferred that students with greater SPC level present positive perception to sociopragmatics‟ contents in the classroom. However, students with lower level show negative perception for the regarding content. Therefore, the factors focused on the role of language teachers emerge with higher positive influence to learners‟ SPC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 107 p.
Keyword [en]
Pragmatics, sociopragmatics, sociopragmatic competence, Spanish as a foreign language, speech acts, teachers, high school students, Spanish textbooks
Keyword [es]
Pragmática, sociopragmática, competencia sociopragmática, español como lengua extranjera, actos de habla, profesores, estudiantes de bachillerato, manual
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118569OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-118569DiVA: diva2:824563
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-23 Created: 2015-06-22 Last updated: 2015-06-23Bibliographically approved

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Morales Ruiz (2015)(1806 kB)362 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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