Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Impacts of conservation and human development policy across stakeholders and scales
Show others and affiliations
Number of Authors: 12
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 112, no 24, 7396-7401 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ideally, both ecosystem service and human development policies should improve human well-being through the conservation of ecosystems that provide valuable services. However, program costs and benefits to multiple stakeholders, and how they change through time, are rarely carefully analyzed. We examine one of China's new ecosystem service protection and human development policies: the Relocation and Settlement Program of Southern Shaanxi Province (RSP), which pays households who opt voluntarily to resettle from mountainous areas. The RSP aims to reduce disaster risk, restore important ecosystem services, and improve human well-being. We use household surveys and biophysical data in an integrated economic cost-benefit analysis for multiple stakeholders. We project that the RSP will result in positive net benefits to the municipal government, and to cross-region and global beneficiaries over the long run along with environment improvement, including improved water quality, soil erosion control, and carbon sequestration. However, there are significant short-run relocation costs for local residents so that poor households may have difficulty participating because they lack the resources to pay the initial costs of relocation. Greater subsidies and subsequent supports after relocation are necessary to reduce the payback period of resettled households in the long run. Compensation from downstream beneficiaries for improved water and from carbon trades could be channeled into reducing relocation costs for the poor and sharing the burden of RSP implementation. The effectiveness of the RSP could also be greatly strengthened by early investment in developing human capital and environment-friendly jobs and establishing long-term mechanisms for securing program goals. These challenges and potential solutions pervade ecosystem service efforts globally.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 112, no 24, 7396-7401 p.
Keyword [en]
human well-being, payment for ecosystem services, social-ecological systems, relocation, sustainable household livelihoods
National Category
Biological Sciences Economics and Business
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118917DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1406486112ISI: 000356251800034OAI: diva2:842657
Available from: 2015-07-21 Created: 2015-07-21 Last updated: 2015-07-21Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Daily, Gretchen C.
By organisation
Stockholm Resilience Centre
In the same journal
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Biological SciencesEconomics and Business

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 23 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link