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Educational disparities in antipsychotic drug use among older people with and without dementia in Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
Number of Authors: 3
2015 (English)In: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-690X, E-ISSN 1600-0447, Vol. 132, no 1, 20-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Antipsychotic drugs are commonly used to treat behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. The aim was to investigate if socioeconomic position was associated with antipsychotic drug treatment among older adults with and without dementia. Method: By record linkage of the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register, Patient Register, and Educational Register, we obtained information on antipsychotics, dementia status, and educational level for 641566 persons aged 75-89year old in Sweden 2005. Results: Among persons diagnosed with dementia (n=32092), 21% used antipsychotics compared with 4% in the total sample (n=641566). Lower education was associated with a higher probability of antipsychotic use in the total sample (adjusted odds ratio [OR] low vs. high education: 1.56; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.48-1.64). In the dementia subpopulation, lower education was also associated with a higher likelihood of use of antipsychotics (adjusted ORlow vs. high 1.43; 95% CI: 1.28-1.59). Conclusion: People with dementia were five times more likely to use antipsychotic drugs than the general population of older adults. Also, lower education was associated with a higher use of antipsychotics, both in the general population and in the subgroup of persons with dementia. This finding highlights the importance of investigating healthcare inequalities also among cognitively impaired older adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 132, no 1, 20-28 p.
Keyword [en]
aged, antipsychotic agents, dementia, healthcare disparities, socioeconomic factors
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-119127DOI: 10.1111/acps.12378ISI: 000356686500003OAI: diva2:843787
Available from: 2015-07-31 Created: 2015-07-29 Last updated: 2015-07-31Bibliographically approved

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