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On the reciprocal relationship between individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (Avdelningen för arbets- och organisationspsykologi)
IDEWE, External Service for Prevention and Protection at Work, Belgium.
KU Leuven, Belgium.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate over time.

Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected among readers of a Flemish Human Resources magazine. The data collection was repeated three times, resulting in a longitudinal dataset with information from 419 employees working in Flanders (Belgium). A cross-lagged design was used in which both individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate were modelled at all times and reciprocal relationships between these constructs could be investigated.

Findings – The results showed that perceptions of individual job insecurity were related to perceiving a climate of job insecurity six months later. However, no evidence was found for the effect of job insecurity climate on individual job insecurity. This suggests that job insecurity origins in the individual’s perceptions of job insecurity and subsequently spreads to include perceptions of job insecurity at the workplace.

Research limitations – Firstly, the data used in this study were collected solely by self-reports, which could have introduced a common method bias to the study. Secondly, as with all non-experimental studies, the possibility that a third variable could have affected the results cannot categorically be ruled out.

Practical implications – Managers and Human Resource-practitioners who wish to prevent job insecurity in organizations may consider focusing on individual job insecurity perceptions when planning preventive efforts.

Originality/value – By investigating the relationship between individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate over time, this study contributes to our understanding of job insecurity, both as an individual and a social phenomenon.

Keyword [en]
Job insecurity, job insecurity climate, work stress, cross-lagged
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118978OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-118978DiVA: diva2:843879
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-1758
Available from: 2015-07-31 Created: 2015-07-22 Last updated: 2015-08-05
In thesis
1. Job insecurity climate: The nature of the construct, its associations with outcomes, and its relation to individual job insecurity
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Job insecurity climate: The nature of the construct, its associations with outcomes, and its relation to individual job insecurity
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Work is an essential part of most people’s lives. With increasing flexibility in work life, many employees experience job insecurity – they perceive that the future of their jobs is uncertain. However, job insecurity is not just an individual experience; employees can perceive that there is a climate of job insecurity at their workplace as well, as people collectively worry about their jobs. The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate the job insecurity climate construct and how it relates to work- and health-related outcomes and to individual job insecurity. Three empirical studies were conducted to investigate this aim. Study I investigated the dimensionality of the job insecurity construct by developing and testing a measure of job insecurity climate − conceptualized as the individual’s perception of the job insecurity climate at work − in a sample of employees working in Sweden. The results indicated that individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate are separate but related constructs and that job insecurity climate was related to work- and health-related outcomes. Study II examined the effects of individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate on work- and health-related outcomes in a sample of employees working in a private sector company in Sweden. The results showed that perceiving higher levels of job insecurity climate than others in the workgroup was associated with poorer self-rated health and higher levels of burnout. Study III tested the relationship between individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate in a sample of Flemish employees. The results indicated that individual job insecurity is contagious, as individual job insecurity predicted perceptions of job insecurity climate six months later. In conclusion, by focusing on perceptions of the job insecurity climate, the present thesis introduces a new approach to job insecurity climate research, showing that employees can perceive a climate of job insecurity in addition to their own individual job insecurity and, also, that this perception of the job insecurity climate at work has negative consequences for individuals and organizations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm University, 2015
Keyword
Job insecurity climate, job insecurity, quantitative job insecurity, qualitative job insecurity, referent-shift, organizational collective climate, psychological collective climate, job satisfaction, work demands, work-family conflict, self-rated health, burnout
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118979 (URN)978-91-7649-226-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-10-02, David Magnussonsalen (U31), Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-1758
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 3: Manuscript.

Available from: 2015-09-09 Created: 2015-07-22 Last updated: 2015-09-01Bibliographically approved

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