Diversity in Overall Activity Regulation of Ribonucleotide Reductase
Number of Authors: 8
2015 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 290, no 28, 17339-17348 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the reduction of ribonucleotides to the corresponding deoxyribonucleotides, which are used as building blocks for DNA replication and repair. This process is tightly regulated via two allosteric sites, the specificity site (s-site) and the overall activity site (a-site). The a-site resides in an N-terminal ATP cone domain that binds dATP or ATP and functions as an on/off switch, whereas the composite s-site binds ATP, dATP, dTTP, or dGTP and determines which substrate to reduce. There are three classes of RNRs, and class I RNRs consist of different combinations of alpha and beta subunits. In eukaryotic and Escherichia coli class I RNRs, dATP inhibits enzyme activity through the formation of inactive alpha(6) and alpha(4)beta(4) complexes, respectively. Here we show that the Pseudomonas aeruginosa class IRNR has a duplicated ATP cone domain and represents a third mechanism of overall activity regulation. Each alpha polypeptide binds three dATP molecules, and the N-terminal ATP cone is critical for binding two of the dATPs because a truncated protein lacking this cone could only bind dATP to its s-site. ATP activates the enzyme solely by preventing dATP from binding. The dATP-induced inactive form is an alpha(4) complex, which can interact with beta(2) to form a non-productive alpha(4)beta(2) complex. Other allosteric effectors induce a mixture of alpha(2) and alpha(4) forms, with the former being able to interact with beta(2) to form active alpha(2)beta(2) complexes. The unique features of the P. aeruginosa RNR are interesting both from evolutionary and drug discovery perspectives.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 290, no 28, 17339-17348 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-119290DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M115.649624ISI: 000357730900029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-119290DiVA: diva2:844245