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The Roles of Shared Perceptions of Job Insecurity and Job Insecurity Climate for Work- and Health-Related Outcomes: A Multilevel Approach
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (Avdelningen för arbets- och organisationspsykologi)
University of Canterbury, New Zealand .
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (Avdelningen för arbets- och organisationspsykologi)
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to examine job insecurity from a multilevel perspective and to investigate the roles of two types of job insecurity – job insecurity climate and individual job insecurity – for work-related attitudes and health outcomes. We further explore the role of the workgroup – as a social context – in shaping job insecurity perceptions. Data was collected from white-collar employees in a Swedish organization, with 126 participants nested in 18 groups. The results show that 19% of the variance in job insecurity climate perceptions, and none of the variance in individual job insecurity perceptions, could be attributed to group membership. Further, compared to other members of their group, those perceiving a stronger job insecurity climate reported lower levels of negative self-rated health and higher burnout scores. These results imply that the workgroup is an important social context for job insecurity climate perceptions and, thus, that leaders should take job insecurity climate perceptions at the workgroup level into account.

Keyword [en]
Job insecurity, job insecurity climate, multilevel analysis, job satisfaction, productivity, self-rated health, burnout
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118976OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-118976DiVA: diva2:844323
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-1758
Available from: 2015-08-05 Created: 2015-07-22 Last updated: 2015-08-22
In thesis
1. Job insecurity climate: The nature of the construct, its associations with outcomes, and its relation to individual job insecurity
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Job insecurity climate: The nature of the construct, its associations with outcomes, and its relation to individual job insecurity
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Work is an essential part of most people’s lives. With increasing flexibility in work life, many employees experience job insecurity – they perceive that the future of their jobs is uncertain. However, job insecurity is not just an individual experience; employees can perceive that there is a climate of job insecurity at their workplace as well, as people collectively worry about their jobs. The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate the job insecurity climate construct and how it relates to work- and health-related outcomes and to individual job insecurity. Three empirical studies were conducted to investigate this aim. Study I investigated the dimensionality of the job insecurity construct by developing and testing a measure of job insecurity climate − conceptualized as the individual’s perception of the job insecurity climate at work − in a sample of employees working in Sweden. The results indicated that individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate are separate but related constructs and that job insecurity climate was related to work- and health-related outcomes. Study II examined the effects of individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate on work- and health-related outcomes in a sample of employees working in a private sector company in Sweden. The results showed that perceiving higher levels of job insecurity climate than others in the workgroup was associated with poorer self-rated health and higher levels of burnout. Study III tested the relationship between individual job insecurity and job insecurity climate in a sample of Flemish employees. The results indicated that individual job insecurity is contagious, as individual job insecurity predicted perceptions of job insecurity climate six months later. In conclusion, by focusing on perceptions of the job insecurity climate, the present thesis introduces a new approach to job insecurity climate research, showing that employees can perceive a climate of job insecurity in addition to their own individual job insecurity and, also, that this perception of the job insecurity climate at work has negative consequences for individuals and organizations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm University, 2015
Keyword
Job insecurity climate, job insecurity, quantitative job insecurity, qualitative job insecurity, referent-shift, organizational collective climate, psychological collective climate, job satisfaction, work demands, work-family conflict, self-rated health, burnout
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-118979 (URN)978-91-7649-226-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-10-02, David Magnussonsalen (U31), Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-1758
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 3: Manuscript.

Available from: 2015-09-09 Created: 2015-07-22 Last updated: 2015-09-01Bibliographically approved

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Låstad, LenaNäswall, KatharinaBerntson, ErikSeddigh, AramSverke, Magnus
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