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The not-very-rich and the very poor: Poverty persistence and poverty concentration in Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI). Institute for Future Studies, Sweden.
2015 (English)In: Journal of European Social Policy, ISSN 0958-9287, E-ISSN 1461-7269, Vol. 25, no 3, 316-330 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We question the common description of poverty in Western countries as largely brief and transient and show that the spell-based analyses from which this view stems diverts attention from the bulk of poverty, which is persistent rather than transient. Measures of poverty concentration are suggested. Using Swedish population data spanning 18years (1990-2007, N (persons*years)=102,754,809), we can avoid problems that plague poverty research using survey data and can give precise calculations of completed durations without relying on questionable assumptions. The majority of poverty years were experienced by people in long-term poverty: 69percent of all poverty years over the 18-year period fell on people with 5years or more in poverty. Half of all poverty years were borne by only 5percent of the population, meaning that poverty was highly concentrated. This speaks in favour of the social policy efficiency in targeting a small group of long-term poor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 25, no 3, 316-330 p.
Keyword [en]
Long-term poverty, panel data, poverty durations, poverty persistence, social exclusion
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-119402DOI: 10.1177/0958928715588707ISI: 000357736200005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-119402DiVA: diva2:845382
Available from: 2015-08-11 Created: 2015-08-11 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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