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Nuclear myosin 1 contributes to a chromatin landscape compatible with RNA polymerase II transcription activation
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
Number of Authors: 4
2015 (English)In: BMC Biology, ISSN 1741-7007, Vol. 13, 35Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Nuclear myosin 1c (NM1) is emerging as a regulator of transcription and chromatin organization. Results: Using chromatin immunoprecipitation and deep sequencing (ChIP-Seq) in combination with molecular analyses, we investigated the global association of NM1 with the mammalian genome. Analysis of the ChIP-Seq data demonstrates that NM1 binds across the entire mammalian genome with occupancy peaks correlating with distributions of RNA Polymerase II (Pol II) and active epigenetic marks at class II gene promoters. In mouse embryonic fibroblasts subjected to RNAi mediated NM1 gene silencing, we show that NM1 synergizes with polymerase-associated actin to maintain active Pol II at the promoter. NM1 also co-localizes with the nucleosome remodeler SNF2h at class II promoters where they assemble together with WSTF as part of the B-WICH complex. A high resolution micrococcal nuclease (MNase) assay and quantitative real time PCR shows that this mechanism is required for local chromatin remodeling. Following B-WICH assembly, NM1 mediates physical recruitment of the histone acetyl transferase PCAF and the histone methyl transferase Set1/Ash2 to maintain and preserve H3K9acetylation and H3K4trimethylation for active transcription. Conclusions: We propose a novel genome-wide mechanism where myosin synergizes with Pol II-associated actin to link the polymerase machinery with permissive chromatin for transcription activation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 13, 35
Keyword [en]
RNA polymerase II transcription, NM1, Epigenetics, Genome-wide analysis
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-119152DOI: 10.1186/s12915-015-0147-zISI: 000357022600001OAI: diva2:845546
Available from: 2015-08-12 Created: 2015-07-29 Last updated: 2015-08-12Bibliographically approved

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Östlund Farrants, Ann-Kristin
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Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute
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