A theory-based parameterization for heterogeneous ice nucleation and implications for the simulation of ice processes in atmospheric models
Number of Authors: 2
2015 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, ISSN 2169-897X, E-ISSN 2169-8996, Vol. 120, no 10, 4937-4961 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A new parameterization for heterogeneous ice nucleation constrained by laboratory data and based on classical nucleation theory is introduced. Key features of the parameterization include the following: a consistent and modular modeling framework for treating condensation/immersion and deposition freezing, the possibility to consider various potential ice nucleating particle types (e.g., dust, black carbon, and bacteria), and the possibility to account for an aerosol size distribution. The ice nucleating ability of each aerosol type is described using a contact angle () probability density function (PDF). A new modeling strategy is described to allow the PDF to evolve in time so that the most efficient ice nuclei (associated with the lowest values) are progressively removed as they nucleate ice. A computationally efficient quasi Monte Carlo method is used to integrate the computed ice nucleation rates over both size and contact angle distributions. The parameterization is employed in a parcel model, forced by an ensemble of Lagrangian trajectories extracted from a three-dimensional simulation of a springtime low-level Arctic mixed-phase cloud, in order to evaluate the accuracy and convergence of the method using different settings. The same model setup is then employed to examine the importance of various parameters for the simulated ice production. Modeling the time evolution of the PDF is found to be particularly crucial; assuming a time-independent PDF significantly overestimates the ice nucleation rates. It is stressed that the capacity of black carbon (BC) to form ice in the condensation/immersion freezing mode is highly uncertain, in particular at temperatures warmer than -20 degrees C. In its current version, the parameterization most likely overestimates ice initiation by BC.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 120, no 10, 4937-4961 p.
heterogeneous ice nucleation, parameterization, classical nucleation theory, mixed-phase clouds
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-119255DOI: 10.1002/2014JD023000ISI: 000356696800028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-119255DiVA: diva2:845897