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Transnational Corporations as 'Keystone Actors' in Marine Ecosystems
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden.
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Number of Authors: 7
2015 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 5, e0127533Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Keystone species have a disproportionate influence on the structure and function of ecosystems. Here we analyze whether a keystone-like pattern can be observed in the relationship between transnational corporations and marine ecosystems globally. We show how thirteen corporations control 11-16% of the global marine catch (9-13 million tons) and 19-40% of the largest and most valuable stocks, including species that play important roles in their respective ecosystem. They dominate all segments of seafood production, operate through an extensive global network of subsidiaries and are profoundly involved in fisheries and aquaculture decision-making. Based on our findings, we define these companies as keystone actors of the Anthropocene. The phenomenon of keystone actors represents an increasingly important feature of the human-dominated world. Sustainable leadership by keystone actors could result in cascading effects throughout the entire seafood industry and enable a critical transition towards improved management of marine living resources and ecosystems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 10, no 5, e0127533
National Category
Biological Sciences
Research subject
Sustainability Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-119065DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0127533ISI: 000355185600087OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-119065DiVA: diva2:846215
Available from: 2015-08-14 Created: 2015-07-27 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Österblom, HenrikJouffray, Jean-BaptisteFolke, CarlCrona, BeatriceMerrie, AndrewRockström, Johan
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