Cognitive bias measurement and social anxiety disorder: Correlating self-report data and attentional bias
2015 (English)In: Internet Interventions, ISSN 2214-7829, Vol. 2, no 3, 227-234 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and attentional bias are theoretically connected in cognitive behavioral therapeutic models. In fact, there is an emerging field focusing on modifying attentional bias as a stand-alone treatment. However, it is unclear to what degree these attentional biases are present before commencing treatment. The purpose of this study was to measure pre-treatment attentional bias in 153 participants diagnosed with SAD using a home-based Internet version of the dot-probe paradigm. Results showed no significant correlation for attentional bias (towards or away from negative words or faces) and the self-rated version of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS-SR). However, two positive correlations were found for the secondary measures Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9). These indicated that those with elevated levels of anxiety and depression had a higher bias towards negative faces in neutral–negative and positive–negative valence combinations, respectively. The unreliability of the dot-probe paradigm and home-based Internet delivery are discussed to explain the lack of correlations between LSAS-SR and attentional bias. Changes to the dot-probe task are suggested that could improve reliability.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 2, no 3, 227-234 p.
attentional bias, attentional bias modification, dot-probe, social anxiety disorder, social phobia, internet
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-119613DOI: 10.1016/j.invent.2015.03.006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84934994705OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-119613DiVA: diva2:846998