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Cognitive bias measurement and social anxiety disorder: Correlating self-report data and attentional bias
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2015 (English)In: Internet Interventions, ISSN 2214-7829, Vol. 2, no 3, 227-234 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and attentional bias are theoretically connected in cognitive behavioral therapeutic models. In fact, there is an emerging field focusing on modifying attentional bias as a stand-alone treatment. However, it is unclear to what degree these attentional biases are present before commencing treatment. The purpose of this study was to measure pre-treatment attentional bias in 153 participants diagnosed with SAD using a home-based Internet version of the dot-probe paradigm. Results showed no significant correlation for attentional bias (towards or away from negative words or faces) and the self-rated version of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS-SR). However, two positive correlations were found for the secondary measures Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9). These indicated that those with elevated levels of anxiety and depression had a higher bias towards negative faces in neutral–negative and positive–negative valence combinations, respectively. The unreliability of the dot-probe paradigm and home-based Internet delivery are discussed to explain the lack of correlations between LSAS-SR and attentional bias. Changes to the dot-probe task are suggested that could improve reliability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 2, no 3, 227-234 p.
Keyword [en]
attentional bias, attentional bias modification, dot-probe, social anxiety disorder, social phobia, internet
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-119613DOI: 10.1016/j.invent.2015.03.006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84934994705OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-119613DiVA: diva2:846998
Available from: 2015-08-18 Created: 2015-08-18 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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