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Shame and Gender Differences in Paths to Youth Suicide: Parents' Perspective
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Number of Authors: 3
2015 (English)In: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 25, no 8, 1099-1116 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Risk factors, suicidal behavior, and help-seeking patterns differ between young women and men. We constructed a generic conceptual model of the processes underlying youth suicide, grounded in 78 interviews with parents in 52 consecutive cases of suicide (19 women, 33 men) identified at forensic medical autopsy and compared by sex. We found different forms of shame hidden behind gender-specific masks, as well as gender differences in their paths to suicide. Several interacting factors formed negative feedback loops. Finding no way out, the young persons looked for an emergency exit. Signs and preparations could be observed at different times but recognized only in retrospect. Typically, the young persons and their parents asked for professional help but did not receive the help they needed. We discuss parents' experiences from the theoretical perspective on gender identity and developmental breakdown. Giving voice to the parents' tacit knowledge can contribute to better prevention and treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 25, no 8, 1099-1116 p.
Keyword [en]
suicide, adolescents, youth, at-risk, gender, grounded theory, families, depression, eating disorders, abuse, sexual, health care, interviews
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-119540DOI: 10.1177/1049732315578402ISI: 000358080600007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-119540DiVA: diva2:847469
Available from: 2015-08-20 Created: 2015-08-17 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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