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White matter changes in familial Alzheimer's disease
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Number of Authors: 8
2015 (English)In: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, E-ISSN 1365-2796, Vol. 278, no 2, 211-218 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundFamilial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) resulting from gene mutations in PSEN1, PSEN2 and APP is associated with changes in the brain. ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to investigate changes in grey matter (GM), white matter (WM) and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in FAD. SubjectsTen mutation carriers (MCs) with three different mutations in PSEN1 and APP and 20 noncarriers (NCs) were included in the study. Three MCs were symptomatic and seven were presymptomatic (pre-MCs). MethodsWhole-brain GM volume as well as fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) using voxel-based morphometry and tract-based spatial statistics analyses, respectively, were compared between MCs and NCs. FA and MD maps were obtained from diffusion tensor imaging. ResultsA significant increase in MD was found in the left inferior longitudinal fasciculus, cingulum and bilateral superior longitudinal fasciculus in pre-MCs compared with NCs. After inclusion of the three symptomatic MCs in the analysis, the regions became wider. The mean MD of these regions showed significant negative correlation with the CSF level of A42, and positive correlations with P-tau(181p) and T-tau. No differences were observed in GM volume and FA between the groups. ConclusionsThe results of this study suggest that FAD gene mutations affect WM diffusivity before changes in GM volume can be detected. The WM changes observed were related to changes in the CSF, with similar patterns previously observed in sporadic Alzheimer's disease.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 278, no 2, 211-218 p.
Keyword [en]
cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers, diffusion tensor imaging, familial Alzheimer's disease, mutation carriers, white matter changes
National Category
Neurosciences Neurology Psychiatry
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-119537DOI: 10.1111/joim.12352ISI: 000358012700010OAI: diva2:847520
Available from: 2015-08-20 Created: 2015-08-17 Last updated: 2015-08-20Bibliographically approved

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Almkvist, Ove
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Department of Psychology
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