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Chiral Hetero- and Carbocyclic Compounds from the Asymmetric Hydrogenation of Cyclic Alkenes
Uppsala University, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6053-8828
Uppsala University, Sweden.
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2012 (English)In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 18, no 21, 6507-6513 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Several types of chiral hetero- and carbocyclic compounds have been synthesized by using the asymmetric hydrogenation of cyclic alkenes. N,P-Ligated iridium catalysts reduced six-membered cyclic alkenes with various substituents and heterofunctionality in good to excellent enantioselectivity, whereas the reduction of five-membered cyclic alkenes was generally less selective, giving modest enantiomeric excesses. The stereoselectivity of the hydrogenation depended more strongly on the substrate structure for the five- rather than the six-membered cyclic alkenes. The major enantiomer formed in the reduction of six-membered alkenes could be predicted from a selectivity model and isomeric alkenes had complementary enantioselectivity, giving opposite optical isomers upon hydrogenation. The utility of the reaction was demonstrated by using it as a key step in the preparation of chiral 1,3-cis-cyclohexane carboxylates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 18, no 21, 6507-6513 p.
Keyword [en]
asymmetric synthesis, heterocyclic compounds, homogeneous catalysis, hydrogenation, iridium
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Research subject
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-119678DOI: 10.1002/chem.201104073OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-119678DiVA: diva2:847682
Available from: 2015-08-21 Created: 2015-08-21 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Hydrogenation, Transfer Hydrogenation and Hydrogen Transfer Reactions Catalyzed by Iridium Complexes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hydrogenation, Transfer Hydrogenation and Hydrogen Transfer Reactions Catalyzed by Iridium Complexes
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The work described in this thesis is focused on the development of new bidentate iridium complexes and their applications in the asymmetric reduction of olefins, ketones and imines. Three new types of iridium complexes were synthesized, which included pyridine derived chiral N,P-iridium complexes, achiral NHC complexes and chiral NHC-phosphine complexes. A study of their catalytic applications demonstrated a high efficiency of the N,P-iridium complexes for asymmetric hydrogenation of olefins, with good enantioselectivity. The carbene complexes were found to be very efficient hydrogen transfer mediators capable of abstracting hydrogen from alcohols and subsequently transfer it to other unsaturated bonds. This hydrogen transferring property of the carbene complexes was used in the development of C–C and C–N bond formation reactions via the hydrogen borrowing process. The complexes displayed high catalytic reactivity using 0.5–1.0 mol% of the catalyst and mild reaction conditions. Finally chiral carbene complexes were found to be activated by hydrogen gas. Their corresponding iridium hydride species were able to reduce ketones and imines with high efficiency and enantioselectivity without any additives, base or acid.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Organic Chemistry, Stockholm University, 2015. 69 p.
Keyword
Iridium catalyst, carbene, N, P - ligand, asymmetric hydrogenation, transfer hydrogenation, hydrogen transfer reaction, alkylation, olefin, ketone, amide
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Research subject
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-119701 (URN)978-91-7649-255-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-09-30, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 10:15 (English)
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Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 5: Submitted. Paper 6: Manuscript.

 

Available from: 2015-09-08 Created: 2015-08-21 Last updated: 2015-09-08Bibliographically approved

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