Native and oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air particulate matter from the city of Sulaimaniyah in Iraq
Number of Authors: 5
2015 (English)In: Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, Vol. 116, 44-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The concentrations of 43 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and 4 oxygenated PAHs (OPAHs) are reported for the first time in particulate matter (PM10) sampled in the air of the city of Sulaimaniyah in Iraq. The total PAH concentration at the different sampling sites varied between 9.3 and 114 ng/m(3). The corresponding values of the human carcinogen benzotalpyrene were between 0.3 and 6.9 ng/m(3), with most samples exceeding the EU annual target value of 1 ng/m(3). The highly carcinogenic dibenzopyrene isomers dibenzo[a,l]pyrene, dibenzo[a,e]pyrene, dibenzo[a,i]pyrene and dibenzo[a,h]pyrene constituted 0.1-0.4% of the total PAH concentration. However, when scaling for relative cancer potencies using toxic equivalency factors, a benzo[a]pyrene equivalent concentration of dibenzo[a,l]pyrene equal to that of benzo[a]pyrene was obtained, indicating that the contribution of dibenzo[a,l]pyrene to the carcinogenicity of the PAHs could be similar to that of benzo[a]pyrene. A high correlation between the determined concentrations of the dibenzopyrene isomers and benzo[a]pyrene was found, which supported the use of benzo[a]pyrene as an indicator for the carcinogenicity of PAHs in ambient air. The total concentrations of the four OPAHs, 9,10-anthraquinone, 4H-cyclopenta[def]phenanthren-4-one, benzanthrone, and 7,12-benz[a]anthraquinone, varied between 0.6 and 8.1 ng/m(3), with 9,10-anthraquinone being the most abundant OPAH in all of the samples.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 116, 44-50 p.
Ambient air, Particulates, Oxygenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Benzo[a]pyrene, Dibenzopyrenes, Anthraquinone
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Chemical Sciences
Research subject Analytical Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-120178DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.06.020ISI: 000358469300005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-120178DiVA: diva2:851587