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Establishing marine protected areas through bottom-up processes: insights from two contrasting initiatives in Chile
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile; Universidad de Los Lagos, Chile.
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile.
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile.
2016 (English)In: Aquatic conservation, ISSN 1052-7613, E-ISSN 1099-0755, Vol. 26, no 1, 184-195 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

1. Bottom-up participatory processes to create and manage no-take marine protected areas have been proposedas a way to scale-up marine conservation and deal with the lack of support and compliance of top-downconservation approaches. However, bottom-up conservation does not always lead to positive outcomes, thus itis increasingly important to understand the conditions that determine the establishment and implementation ofthese initiatives.

2. Establishment and implementation processes were compared empirically for two contrasting bottom-upno-take marine protected areas that have been developing under the same political setting, however, one has beensuccessful and the other has stalled.

3. Using mixed methods, stakeholders’ (a) motivations to participate in the no-take marine protected areainitiatives, (b) communication, support and information flow networks, (c) perceived participation, and(d) satisfaction with the establishment process of the bottom-up no-take marine protected areas, were assessed.

4. Non-significant differences were found between the two initiatives in terms of stakeholders’ motivations tocreate a no-take marine protected area.

5. Significant differences were found in stakeholders’ communication, support and information flow networks,in addition to differences in participation, and satisfaction with the establishment and implementation process.

6. Results highlight that for the implementation and consolidation of bottom-up no-take marine protected areasinitiatives, common interests do not necessarily lead to common action, partnerships will not emerge automaticallyin response to potential benefits.

7. Understanding disparities in participation, information sharing and communication are key aspects which must beconsidered for creating and supporting successful marine protected areas based on bottom-up participatory processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 26, no 1, 184-195 p.
Keyword [en]
marine conservation, enabling conditions, social network analysis, participation, human dimensions, perceptions, Navidad, Punta de Lobos
National Category
Biological Sciences Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-120366DOI: 10.1002/aqc.2546ISI: 000369289800002OAI: diva2:852069
Available from: 2015-09-07 Created: 2015-09-07 Last updated: 2016-03-02Bibliographically approved

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