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Number of Authors: 19
2015 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 807, no 1, 63Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present optical photometry and spectroscopy of the optical transient SN 2011A. Our data span 140 days after discovery including BVRI u'g'r'i'z' photometry and 11 epochs of optical spectroscopy. Originally classified as a type IIn supernova (SN IIn) due to the presence of narrow Ha emission, this object shows exceptional characteristics. First, the light curve shows a double plateau, a property only observed before in the impostor SN 1997bs. Second, SN 2011A has a very low luminosity (M-V = -15.72), placing it between normal luminous SNe IIn and SN impostors. Third, SN 2011A shows low velocity and high equivalent width absorption close to the sodium doublet, which increases with time and is most likely of circumstellar origin. This evolution is also accompanied by a change in line profile; when the absorption becomes stronger, a P Cygni profile appears. We discuss SN 2011A in the context of interacting SNe IIn and SN impostors, which appears to confirm the uniqueness of this transient. While we favor an impostor origin for SN 2011A, we highlight the difficulty in differentiating between terminal and non-terminal interacting transients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 807, no 1, 63
Keyword [en]
circumstellar matter, stars: mass loss, supernovae: general, supernovae: individual (2011A)
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-120474DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/807/1/63ISI: 000358945200063OAI: diva2:853546
Available from: 2015-09-14 Created: 2015-09-10 Last updated: 2015-09-14Bibliographically approved

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Taddia, Francesco
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Department of AstronomyThe Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)
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