Neural correlates of lexical stress: mismatch negativity reflects fundamental frequency and intensity
2015 (English)In: NeuroReport, ISSN 0959-4965, E-ISSN 1473-558X, Vol. 26, no 13, 791-796 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Neural correlates of lexical stress were studied using the mismatch negativity (MMN) component in event-related potentials. The MMN responses were expected to reveal the encoding of stress information into long-term memory and the contributions of prosodic features such as fundamental frequency (F0) and intensity toward lexical access. In a passive oddball paradigm, neural responses to changes in F0, intensity, and in both features together were recorded for words and pseudowords. The findings showed significant differences not only between words and pseudowords but also between prosodic features. Early processing of prosodic information in words was indexed by an intensity-related MMN and an F0-related P200. These effects were stable at right-anterior and mid-anterior regions. At a later latency, MMN responses were recorded for both words and pseudowords at the mid-anterior and posterior regions. The P200 effect observed for F0 at the early latency for words developed into an MMN response. Intensity elicited smaller MMN for pseudowords than for words. Moreover, a larger brain area was recruited for the processing of words than for the processing of pseudowords. These findings suggest earlier and higher sensitivity to prosodic changes in words than in pseudowords, reflecting a language-related process. The present study, therefore, not only establishes neural correlates of lexical stress but also confirms the presence of long-term memory traces for prosodic information in the brain.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 26, no 13, 791-796 p.
event-related potentials, fundamental frequency, intensity, lexical stress, memory trace, mismatch negativity, pitch, prosody
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject Linguistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-120587DOI: 10.1097/WNR.0000000000000426ISI: 000360303700010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-120587DiVA: diva2:853641