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Care more, earn less? The association between care leave for sick children and wage among Swedish parents
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2015 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A number of studies have shown that women’s and men’s wages relate to parenthood in general and to parental leave in particular, but we know little about the possible wage impact of leave to care for sick children, which is a part of the Swedish parental leave system. On the one hand, care leave may influence human capital and real or perceived work capacity similarly to parental leave and send the employer the same signals about work commitment and responsibilities outside of work. On the other hand, important differences, including timing, frequency and predictability, between care leave and parental leave influence paid work. This study uses Swedish register data to analyse the association between care leave and wages among mothers and fathers who had their first child in 1994. The results show that care leave is associated with a lower wage, particularly among men, up to 13 years after the birth of the first child. One reason for the gender difference in the association between care leave and wage may be that men’s care leave has a stronger signalling effect compared with women’s care leave.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: IFAU , 2015. , 32 p.
, Working paper, Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy, ISSN 1651-1166 ; 2015:18
Keyword [en]
care leave, parental leave, wages, gender equality, family, labour market
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-121153OAI: diva2:856758
Available from: 2015-09-25 Created: 2015-09-25 Last updated: 2016-02-09Bibliographically approved

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Boye, Katarina
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The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI)

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