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Capping in situ with activated carbon in Trondheim harbor (Norway) reduces bioaccumulation of PCBs and PAHs in marine sediment fauna
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
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Number of Authors: 5
2015 (English)In: Marine Environmental Research, ISSN 0141-1136, E-ISSN 1879-0291, Vol. 109, 103-112 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Three types of thin-layer caps with activated carbon (AC) were tested in situ in experimental plots (10 x 10 m) in Trondheim harbor, Norway, using AC + clay, AC-only or AC + sand. One year after capping, intact sediment cores were collected from the amended plots for ex situ surveys of the capping efficiency in reducing the PAH and PCB aqueous concentrations and bioaccumulation by the polychaete Hediste diversicolor and the clam Abra nitida. Reduced pore water concentrations were observed in all AC treatments. The capping efficiency was in general AC + clay > AC-only > AC + sand. AC + clay reduced bioaccumulation of PAH and PCB congeners between 40% and 87% in the worms and between 67% and 97% in the clams. Sediment capped with AC-only also led to reduced bioaccumulation of PCBs, while AC + sand showed no reduction in bioaccumulation. Thus the best thin-layer capping method in this study was AC mixed with clay.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 109, 103-112 p.
Keyword [en]
Thin-layer capping, Sediment remediation, Contaminated sediment, Bioavailability, Bioaccumulation, Hediste (Nereis) diversicolor (Polychaeta) and Aka nitida (Mollusca), Contaminant sequestration, Overlying water, Pore water
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Biological Sciences Basic Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-121180DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2015.06.003ISI: 000360514300010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-121180DiVA: diva2:857957
Available from: 2015-09-30 Created: 2015-09-28 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Gunnarsson, Jonas S.Cornelissen, Gerard
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Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant SciencesDepartment of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry
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