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Indication of non-thermal contribution to visible femtosecond laser-induced CO oxidation on Ru(0001)
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
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Number of Authors: 72015 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 143, no 7, article id 074701Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We studied CO oxidation on Ru(0001) induced by 400 nm and 800 nm femtosecond laser pulses where we find a branching ratio between CO oxidation and desorption of 1: 9 and 1: 31, respectively, showing higher selectivity towards CO oxidation for the shorter wavelength excitation. Activation energies computed with density functional theory show discrepancies with values extracted from the experiments, indicating both a mixture between different adsorbed phases and importance of non-adiabatic effects on the effective barrier for oxidation. We simulated the reactions using kinetic modeling based on the two-temperature model of laser-induced energy transfer in the substrate combined with a friction model for the coupling to adsorbate vibrations. This model gives an overall good agreement with experiment except for the substantial difference in yield ratio between CO oxidation and desorption at 400 nm and 800 nm. However, including also the initial, non-thermal effect of electrons transiently excited into antibonding states of the O-Ru bond yielded good agreement with all experimental results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 143, no 7, article id 074701
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Chemical Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-121519DOI: 10.1063/1.4928646ISI: 000360440400037OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-121519DiVA, id: diva2:859889
Available from: 2015-10-09 Created: 2015-10-05 Last updated: 2018-03-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Ultrafast Probing of CO Reactions on Metal Surfaces: Changes in the molecular orbitals during the catalysis process
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ultrafast Probing of CO Reactions on Metal Surfaces: Changes in the molecular orbitals during the catalysis process
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents experimental studies of three different chemical reaction steps relevant for heterogeneous catalysis: dissociation, desorption, and oxidation. CO on single-crystal metal surfaces was chosen as the model systems.

X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and x-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) provide information about the electronic structure, and were performed on CO/Fe to measure both a non-dissociative, and a pre-dissociative state. The measurement on the pre-dissociative state showed a π →  π* excitation, which implies a partly broken internal π bond in the molecule.

Ultrafast laser-induced reactions were used to examine the dynamic properties of desorption and oxidation. Here CO/Ru and CO/O/Ru were used as model systems. Desorption of CO from a Ru surface involve both hot electrons and phonons. In the case of CO oxidation from CO/O/Ru a pronounced wavelength dependence of the branching ratio between desorption and oxidation was observed. Excitation with 400 nm showed a factor of 3-4 higher selectivity towards oxidation than 800 nm. This was attributed to coupling to transiently excited, non-thermalized electrons.

Finally, by performing optical pump/x-ray probe XAS and XES changes in the electronic structure during the reaction could be followed, both for desorption and oxidation. In the CO/Ru experiment, two different transient excitation paths were observed, one leading to a precursor state, and one where CO moves into a more highly coordinated site. Using selective excitation in XES, these were shown to coexist on the surface. In the oxidation experiment, probing the reacting species located near the transition state region in an associative catalytic surface reaction was demonstrated for the very first time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Physics, Stockholm University, 2017. p. 54
Keywords
Hetrogenous catalysis, CO, transition metals, Ultrafast probing, oxidation, desorption, dissociation
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Research subject
Chemical Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132248 (URN)978-91-7649-441-7 (ISBN)978-91-7649-637-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-03-30, sal FB52, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-03-07 Created: 2016-08-02 Last updated: 2017-04-03Bibliographically approved
2. Experimental femtosecond-laser based investigations of model catalytic surface reactions.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experimental femtosecond-laser based investigations of model catalytic surface reactions.
2018 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In order to be able to design novel catalytic processes more efficiently, detailed understanding of the catalyst-reactant interaction and the dynamics of the microscopic reaction steps is needed. The present thesis aims to contribute to the fundamental understanding of catalyst reactant systems by means of experiments using model systems in Ultra High Vacuum (UHV). The main body of work involves femtochemistry/mass spectrometry measurements as well as sum-frequency generation (SFG) measurements, which both make use of a femtosecond laser and a UHV sample environment. The results of two experimental investigations within the field of surface science are presented.

The first paper concerns CO oxidation on ruthenium (0001) and in particular the energy transfer from substrate to adsorbates upon laser excitation. For these experiments laser-induced desorption was performed. We were able to control the branching ratios of competing mechanisms and understand the role of non-thermal electrons in the mechanisms.

The second project aims to understand the adsorption and dehydrogenation of methanol on cuprous oxide (Cu2O) which is complicated by the fact that the cuprous oxide surface reconstructs differently under different conditions. The results presented in this part were acquired using mainly X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and SFG. We were able to understand the restructuring of the Cu2O surface and to show that methanol adsorbs molecularly on Cu2O(111) instead of dissociatively as a methoxy and hydrogen species as it does on Cu2O(100).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm University, 2018
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Research subject
Chemical Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-153830 (URN)
Presentation
2018-03-28, FA31, Fysikum, Albanova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-03-15 Created: 2018-03-06 Last updated: 2018-03-15Bibliographically approved

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