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European Policy of Career Guidance: The interrelationship between career self-management and production of human capital in the knowledge economy
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
2011 (English)In: Policy Futures in Education, ISSN 1478-2103, E-ISSN 1478-2103, Vol. 9, no 5, 616-627 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

‘Everyone has a career to be managed’ is the simple message in new policy strategies forcareer guidance in Europe. In this article, the promotion of career management for ‘all’ will be unsettled by analysis of career self-management put in relation to rationalities of government and selfgovernment. We are governed to self-manage our career and at the same time govern ourselves to do that. European policy documents on career guidance and career development produced from 2000 to 2008 are analysed from the Foucauldian governmentality perspective. From the starting point that reshaping of career guidance is part of human capital strategies in the knowledge economy of Europe, the author argues that policy of career guidance aims to shape not only a competitive workforce, but in addition entrepreneurial and responsible citizens. In political strategies of career guidance, the competences of career management skills work as a technology to govern the individual to participate in inventing human capital by capitalising oneself to manage the career in working life as well as in social life. The author discusses what desirable subjectivities government of career self-management constructs in relation to re-regulated responsibility of the individual and the state.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 9, no 5, 616-627 p.
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-121736DOI: 10.2304/pfie.2011.9.5.616OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-121736DiVA: diva2:860987
Available from: 2015-10-14 Created: 2015-10-14 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Governance of Career Guidance: an enquiry into European policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Governance of Career Guidance: an enquiry into European policy
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of this thesis is to enquire into and problematize the governance of career guidance and how individuals’ career management is constructed within EU policy. The empirical material consists of European policy documents produced during 2000-2015. The two central research questions explore (1) how European career guidance is made governable, and (2) how individuals’ career management is constructed and governed. The Foucauldian governmentality perspective and the analytic method of problematization is utilized. The analysis focuses on the compositions of normative forms of reason, discursive practices and techniques by which governing is exercised and knowledge is produced. The thesis is based on four articles, three of which concern career guidance and career management. The fourth article concerns education of citizenship. The analysis shows that the formation of a policy space for comparison of national systems of career guidance is significant for making European career guidance amenable to governance. It is mobilized by governing practices for involvement of institutional actors and the construction of standards of performance. This form of governance becomes effective on the condition that institutional actors use and produce knowledge and practices about what works in career guidance, and this implies self-control and constant monitoring. It is a complex process of producing self-regulation of career guidance adjustable to change and innovation in which both standardization and modulation are inbuilt. Moreover, this is dependent on the interplay of governance and self-government. Knowledge and practices shape career management as an individual competence, which each individual is assumed to achieve. The use of guidance techniques supporting this design and self-regulating practices contributes to responsibilizing individuals to achieve this competence. Knowledge of individuals’ management of their careers includes civic competence. This led me to extend my use of the theoretical framework to investigate how knowledge of civic competence is constructed in European policy documents concerning teacher education from 2000 to 2012. My analysis shows that presumptions of teaching civic competence support the production of the active and learning subject.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Education, Stockholm University, 2016. 81 p.
Series
Doktorsavhandlingar från Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik, 40
Keyword
governmentality, governance, career guidance, career management, Michel Foucault, entrepreneurial, policy, active citizenship, civic competence, self-management, Europe
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-130810 (URN)978-91-7649-352-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-09-29, Lilla hörsalen, Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Frescativägen 40, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-09-06 Created: 2016-06-05 Last updated: 2016-09-12Bibliographically approved

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